Female and male mosquitoes need plant-derived sugars and carbohydrates to maintain energy for survival. This almost daily need for sugar presents an opportunity to bait the sugar feeding process with a toxicant. The basic approach of Attractive Targeted Sugar Baits (ATSB®) is to lure mosquitoes or sand flies to a toxic bait and kill them.
Westham Co. has developed a complete product including an attractant, an insecticide and a bait station. In 2016-2017, a partnership between Westham, the Bamako University and IVCC created a successful Proof of Concept (PoC) in 14 villages in Mali. It demonstrated that the product has significant impact on mosquito populations, decreases the Entomological Inoculation Rate (EIR), and reduces survivorship whilst not posing significant risk to non-target organisms.